Tense and Aspect: Portuguese and Other Romance Languages

Members of the Western Romance Languages share roughly the same verb paradigm descended from Vulgar Latin. They retain the existence of most of the verb tenses found in Latin and share many of the innovations created upon the historical changes through Continental, Italo-Western, and Western Romance. These similarities are clear when comparing the verb paradigms of existent tenses in the languages, but the mere existence of a tense does not prove its usage.

Through a small-scale corpus analysis, it was determined that syntactic and semantic usage of written verb tenses retained a remarkable level of similarity across Portuguese, French, and Spanish.  The spoken usages, however, were significantly different. (Download the paper).

João’s Role: Author

Wakhi Borrowings Register and Written Language

In spite of the rapid pace of lexical borrowings and language change in Wakhi, a language spoken in Wakhan, near the borders of Tajikistan, China, Afghanistan, and Pakistan, native speakers indicate that an the language has not developed a native Indo-Iranian higher register. (Download the paper).

João’s Role: Author